HoliSoils harmonises and maps soil data from multiple sources. These harmonised products are indispensable for Europe-wide GHG inventories and for the project’s experimental and modelling work in Europe’s main bioclimatic regions and soil types.

Field experiments at HoliSoils test sites investigate the effects of soil and forest management (including thinning regimes, tree species composition, fertilisation, rewetting) and natural disturbances (forest fires, windthrow, droughts) on soil processes, resilience and climate change mitigation potential. Measurements of soil physico-chemical properties and biodiversity are complemented by monitoring soil processes such as GHG fluxes and nutrient cycling.

North Europe

Finland – Karstula

Established

Established

1959

Organization

Organization

Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)

Location

Location

62°54’43.343″N; 24°34’16.021″E
Central Finland region

Soil type

Soil type

Fine sand Organic layer of 4.3 m

Dominant species

Dominant species
Pinus sylvestris

Ground vegetation

Ground vegetation
Vaccinium vitis-idae, Calluna vulgaris and Lichens

Aim of the study

Aim of the study

Understand the impact of nitrogen fertilization on soil functioning, soil biome and GHGs exchange.

Finland – Ränskälänkorpi

Established

Established

2021

Organization

Organization

Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)

Location

Location

61°10.966’N; 25°15.985’E
Southern Finland

Soil type

Soil type

Peat soil

Dominant species

Dominant species
Picea abies, Betula pubescens, Pinus sylvestris

Ground vegetation

Ground vegetation
Bilberry and Sphagnum

Aim of the study

Aim of the study

Estimate the role of continuous cover forestry (CCF) and clear-felling management practice on mitigating climate change and reducing environmental impacts.